Flora of Bare Sand Island

Click on each photo for more information.

Photo Credit: Peter Jackson

Ipomea pes- caprae
Ipomea pes- caprae

Common name:Goat's foot convovulus. Dominates the seaward dunes of BSI. A prostrate perennial vine. Leaves consist of two green smooth lobes. Flowers are pink to purple trumpet shaped with darker throat. Roots often compromise the development of marine turtle eggs.

Fimbristylis sericea
Fimbristylis sericea

Tufted grass-like sedge. Inhabits the interior of the island in sparse clumps.

Canavalia rosea
Canavalia rosea

Common name: Coastal jack-bean. Foliage is tri-foliate with pink peaflowers A trailing, herbaceous vine that forms mats of foliage.

Spinifex longifolius
Spinifex longifolius

Common name: Beach Spinifex A perennial grass that grows as a tussock up to a metre high.

Cassytha filiformis
Cassytha filiformis

Common name: Dodder Laurel. A leafless parasitic vine. Has fine hairy yellowish to orange stems twining and attaching to other plants via suckers. Deadly to hatchlings who become entangled in its 'web'.

Acacia auriculiformis
Acacia auriculiformis

Common name: Black Wattle. Its population consists of one tree on BSI.

Tribulus cistoides
Tribulus cistoides

Common name: Caltrop. Listed as a noxious weed in the NT, but considered naturalised in most Australian states. Has a spiny hard fruit which is very painful to walk on (feet). AusTurtle is currently trying to eradicate it from BSI.

Sorghum timorense
Sorghum timorense

(Family: Poaceae) Common name: Spear Grass. An annual native grass of northern Australia, dies off after the wet season and is dry straw during the months of the research camps.

Sesbania sp.
Sesbania sp.
Sesuvium portulacastrum
Sesuvium portulacastrum

Common name:Sandfire A prostrate succulent perennial herb. Leaves smooth, narrow, and fleshy. Flowers pink. Has edible leaves which are salty & crunchy.

Vitex rotundifolia
Vitex rotundifolia

Prostrate wood shrub with blue to pale purple flowers. Roots are especially compromising to turtle eggs. Fortunately sparsely populated on BSI

Salsola australis
Salsola australis

(Family: Chenopodiaceae). Common name: Roly Poly or Pricky Saltwort. The dead plant can break off at ground level and form tumbleweeds