Flora of Bare Sand Island

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Photo Credit: Peter Jackson

Ipomea pes- caprae
Ipomea pes- caprae

Common name:Goat's foot convovulus. Dominates the seaward dunes of BSI. A prostrate perennial vine. Leaves consist of two green smooth lobes. Flowers are pink to purple trumpet shaped with darker throat. Roots often compromise the development of marine turtle eggs.

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Fimbristylis sericea
Fimbristylis sericea

Tufted grass-like sedge. Inhabits the interior of the island in sparse clumps.

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Canavalia rosea
Canavalia rosea

Common name: Coastal jack-bean. Foliage is tri-foliate with pink peaflowers A trailing, herbaceous vine that forms mats of foliage.

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Spinifex longifolius
Spinifex longifolius

Common name: Beach Spinifex A perennial grass that grows as a tussock up to a metre high.

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Cassytha filiformis
Cassytha filiformis

Common name: Dodder Laurel. A leafless parasitic vine. Has fine hairy yellowish to orange stems twining and attaching to other plants via suckers. Deadly to hatchlings who become entangled in its 'web'.

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Acacia auriculiformis
Acacia auriculiformis

Common name: Black Wattle. Its population consists of one tree on BSI.

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Tribulus cistoides
Tribulus cistoides

Common name: Caltrop. Listed as a noxious weed in the NT, but considered naturalised in most Australian states. Has a spiny hard fruit which is very painful to walk on (feet). AusTurtle is currently trying to eradicate it from BSI.

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Sorghum timorense
Sorghum timorense

(Family: Poaceae) Common name: Spear Grass. An annual native grass of northern Australia, dies off after the wet season and is dry straw during the months of the research camps.

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Sesbania sp.
Sesbania sp.
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Sesuvium portulacastrum
Sesuvium portulacastrum

Common name:Sandfire A prostrate succulent perennial herb. Leaves smooth, narrow, and fleshy. Flowers pink. Has edible leaves which are salty & crunchy.

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Vitex rotundifolia
Vitex rotundifolia

Prostrate wood shrub with blue to pale purple flowers. Roots are especially compromising to turtle eggs. Fortunately sparsely populated on BSI

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Salsola australis
Salsola australis

(Family: Chenopodiaceae). Common name: Roly Poly or Pricky Saltwort. The dead plant can break off at ground level and form tumbleweeds

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